Diversity – Definition and Clarification of Key Concepts

  • J. Vondráček Department of Biochemistry and Microbiology, Institute of Chemical Technology, Prague
  • P. Lovecká Department of Biochemistry and Microbiology, Institute of Chemical Technology, Prague
  • O. Uhlík Department of Biochemistry and Microbiology, Institute of Chemical Technology, Prague
  • L. Musilová Department of Biochemistry and Microbiology, Institute of Chemical Technology, Prague
  • M. Macková Department of Biochemistry and Microbiology, Institute of Chemical Technology, Prague

Abstrakt

Biological diversity is of fundamental importance for the functioning of all natural and human-engineered ecosystems and, by extension, for the ecosystem services that Nature provides, free of charge, for human society. Biodiversity is most frequently quantified as the number of species. Microbial diversity has driven the evolution of all life on Earth as well as the nutrient cycles, which are key for the operation of the biosphere. The review explains basic concepts of diversity studies such as structural, generic, genetic or functional diversity and describes evolution of taxonomy.
Publikované
2012-05-15
Sekce
Články