Zrození racionálního chemického názvosloví

  • J. Janek Ústav fyzikální chemie, Vysoká škola chemicko-technologická v Praze, Praha
Klíčová slova: chemické názvosloví, historie chemie, Méthode de nomenclature chimique, Antoine Laurent de Lavoisier, Louis Bernard Guyton de Morveau, anorganická chemie


In the 18th century, when chemists ceased to deal with metaphysical questions and began to focus on experiments, the need for a reform of their language became obvious. The still valid principles of chemical nomenclature, first formulated by L. B. Guyton de Morveau, were elaborated by a group of chemists gathered around A. L. Lavoisier. The nomenclature published in their book Méthode de nomenclature chimique (1787) have had a significant influence on the later development of chemical language. Certain names introduced in Méthode are still generally used. Moreover, the newest nomenclature recommendations never forget to mention this revolutionary work from the period of the French Revolution.