Separace enantiomerů kathinonů kapilární elektroforézou s využitím cyklodextrinů jako chirálních selektorů
This paper deals with a chiral separation of six cathinones using three commercially available cyclodextrins as additives to the background electrolyte consisting of a phosphate buffer at pH 2.5. The best resolution values were obtained by the addition of sulfated β-cyclodextrin at 5 mmol L–1 concentration in the background electrolyte. Four complete chiral separations of racemic cathinones were achieved. Other two racemic cathinones were successfully enantioseparated by addition of carboxymethylated β-cyclodextrin at 15 mmol L–1 concentration in the background electrolyte. For one of the cathinones analyzed, the apparent stability constants of β-cyclodextrin and the average apparent stability constants of carboxymethylated β-cyclodextrin were calculated and it was found that a more stable complex is formed for carboxymethylated β-cyclodextrin.