Use of Electrochemical Impedance Spectroscopy to Verify Orange Juice Authenticity
a Department of Food Preservation, b Department of Physics and Measurements, University of Chemistry and Technology, Prague
Keywords: orange juice, impedance, food analysis, adulteration
Measuring electrical impedance enables characterisation of the studied matrix non-invasively and in real time. Our work was aimed to verify the method of electrochemical impedance spectroscopy for quick confirmation of orange juice authenticity. For the purpose of the experiment, the tested samples of orange juice were diluted with water and enriched by sugars and citric acid, as this type of adulteration and the chosen concentrations of the added substances correspond to the most likely means of misleading customers in the case of fruit juice. The analysis of the electrochemical parameters of the tested samples was carried out in an impedance cell with planar electrodes at a voltage of 0.5 V and the frequency ranging from 50 Hz to 1 MHz. The results of the measurements show that the method enables quick and simple screening of the quality of orange juice made from concentrate; more specifically, it enables one to detect dilution of 100 % juices with 20 or more per cent of water or the sugar addition. As such, the method can be recommended as another procedure of consumer protection and prevention of unfair competition among manufacturers.
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