Cordyceps Sinensis: Medicinal Fungus of Chinese Medicine
Department of Chemistry, Biochemistry and Biophysics, Institute of Pharmaceutical Chemistry, The University of Veterinary Medicine and Pharmacy in Košice
Keywords: Cordyceps sinensis, biological activity, polysaccharides, nucleosides, amino acids, sterols
The paper gives a brief overview of a diverse group of chemical compounds present in the parasitic fungus called Cordyceps sinensis. It focuses on the description of their chemical structure and their positive biological effects on the human body. Some of the key biological activities of Cordyceps sinensis are discussed: It helps to prevent hyperglycemia, supports heart function, decreases the level of cholesterol, supports the immune system, selectively inhibits the synthesis of RNA in cancer cells through disturbing the synthesis of some proteins, inhibits the methylation of the nucleic acid, proves to be a powerful antioxidant, protects kidneys from damage, acts as an antibiotic showing a bacteriostatic effect against several pathogenic bacteria, including pneumococci, streptococci and Staphylococcus aureus, as well as anti-inflammatory effects, improves sexual performance, acts as an aphrodisiac, and many more others.
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