Resistant and Slowly Digestible Starch
a Department of Carbohydrates and Cereals, b Department of Solid State Chemistry, Institute of Chemical Technology, Prague
Digestibility of starch has been attributed to many factors, such as starch source, granule size, amylose/amylopectin ratio, crystallinity. Resistant starch (RS) escapes enzymatic digestion in the small intestine and passes into colon. The review is focused on the RS content in foods, nutritional benefits and on methods of increasing the RS/total starch ratio. Slowly digestible starch is absorbed in the small intestine within 20120 min. RS can be used in treatment of diabetes or in controlled-release drugs.
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