Affinity Chromatography as a Method of Studying the Mechanism of Action of Plant Oxysterols
a Institute of Organic Chemistry and Biochemistry, Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic, Prague, b Department of Biochemistry and Microbiology, Institute of Chemical Technology, Prague
In plants, oxysterols brassinosteroids (BR) and ecdysteroids (ES) can be found. BR act as plant hormones with a positive effect on growth, stress tolerance or senescence. Their mechanism of action is based on signal transduction via a membrane receptor cascade, with or without assistance of oxysterol-binding proteins. The role of ES as insect hormones in plants is unknown. ES are likely to show an antifeedant effect on herbivorous pests, but other as yet unknown roles in plants are not excluded. A range of affinity carriers with immobilized synthetic analogues of plant BS and ES were prepared. Using these carriers, some proteins with affinity to the oxysterols were separated from cytosol extracts of plants. The proteins were assessed by electrophoresis and identified by sequencing. One of them is an osmotin-like protein precursor known as a pathogenesis-related protein. Another protein, RuBisCO, is known as the key enzyme in the Calvine cycle of the dark phase of photosynthesis. The interactions of these proteins with the oxysterols remain unclear.
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