Newly Identified Phenolic Compounds in Parasitic Plants Cuscuta europaea and Cuscuta campestris
a Department of Natural Drugs, b Department of Chemical Drugs, Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Veterinary and Pharmaceutical Sciences, Brno
Cuscuta europaea and Cuscuta campestris (Cuscutaceae) are annual parasitic plants which wrap around host plants and penetrate their tissues using haustoria. There are more than 150 species of Cuscuta worldwide; C. europaea and C. campestris are the most common species in the Czech Republic and Slovakia. In this study phenolics were identified in methanolic extracts of these species by HPLC and MS. Among others, caffeic acid, p-coumaric acid, isorhamnetin and isorhamnetin 3-O-glucoside were found in the extracts.
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