Lonicera caerulea: A Prospective Functional Food and a Source of Biologically Active Compounds
a Walmark Co., Třinec, Czech Republic, b Department of Medicinal Chemistry and Biochemistry, Faculty of Medicine and Dentistry, Palacky University, Olomouc, Czech Republic
Purpose of Review
This review deals with the botany and chemical composition of Lonicera caerulea L. (honeysuckle) and the biological activity of its main constituents, focusing on potential health benefits of the berries.
L. caerulea berries are a rich source of phenolics such as phenolic acids as well as anthocyanins, proanthocyanidins and flavonoids, which show health promoting effects. The consumption of L. caerulea berries may prevent chronic diseases such as diabetes mellitus, cardiovascular diseases and cancer, depending on the content of phenolics in the berries.
The potential of L. caerulea berries to prevent chronic diseases such as diabetes mellitus, cardiovascular diseases and cancer seems to be related to their phenolics content.