β-Glucan, Its History and Present
Department of Carbohydrate Chemistry and Technology, Institute of Chemical Technology, Prague, Czech Republic
β-Glucan, a naturally occurring polysaccharide, is found mostly in the cell wall of fungi. In macroorganisms it acts as a potent biological response modulator. Its history began in the sixties of the last century, when it was found as a main component of zymosan as well as of extracts from medicinal Asian mushrooms. The review itemizes sources, structure, mechanisms of biological effects and adverse reactions of ?-glucan and proposes alternatives of the future research.
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